Mozambique Facts

Population – 20.5 million

Land area – 308,000 square miles (twice the size of California)

Population density – 68 per square mile (U.S. is 65 per square mile)

Capital – Maputo, population 1,100,000 Official language – Portuguese (22 tribal languages spoken)

People – 99% native Africans from 10 major tribal/ethnic groups, several thousand Portuguese and Indians

Adult literacy rate – 25%

Government – Democratic, with president and congress selected by party winning most of the popular vote.

Per capita income – $120 per year (compared to $14,000 per year for the U.S.), still one of the poorest nations in the world

Health – Life expectancy 31 years. Highest infant and childhood mortality rates in the world (54 per 1000 births and 325 per 1000 children under age 5, respectively). One doctor per 40,100 people. Only three nations have fewer doctors per capita. Six per cent of the population (1.1 million people) has AIDS.

Religious climate – During Marxist years, 1975 to 1992, government policy was “all-out war on the churches” and “destruction of religious superstitions”. However, the democratic constitution adopted in 1992 now guarantees freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and freedom to assemble.

Major religious groups:
Muslims – 20%
Catholics – 24%
Protestant Evangelicals – 22%